Profile: Nature of work:
The word horticulture is a culmination of two Latin words, Horti meaning ‘garden’ and Cultus meaning ‘to cultivate’. Thus it is the science of cultivation of plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, flowers, turfs, etc and all those activities that go with it. It is a specialized branch of study within Agriculture Science.
A horticulturist studies plant biochemistry, plant physiology, cultivation and genetic engineering in order to develop high yielding crops that are resistant to insect, disease and pollution. Proper processing, storing and transportation of crops, is also an important function of horticulture so that the nutritional level of crops are maintained at all conditions. A horticulturist need to find out methods to conserve biodiversity, sustain productivity, protection of plant in an environment friendly way, analyze the probable risk of pests, enhance the shelf life of crops and also add nutritional value to the same. A horticulturist can work in one of the various job profiles like research scientist, educator, cropping systems engineers, business managers, tissue culture specialists, crop inspectors, crop production advisers, and plant breeders, both in the government as well as in the private sector.
To be a Horticulturist one need to be a graduate inAgriculture Science, that B.Sc (Agri). A student can specialize in Horticulture at a post graduate level and go upto Ph D.
1.College of Agriculture, Ratnagiri
2.Marathwada University, Gautam Nagar,
3.Gujarat Agricultural University
4.College of Agriculture, Hyderabad
5.College of Horticulture, Kerala
6.Horticulture College & Research Institute, Periakulum
7.Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
8.Dr. BR Ambedkar University, Lucknow
9.Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
10.College of Horticulture & Forestry, Arunachal Pradesh
10+2 with Chemistry, Physics and Biology is necessary to take up Agri B.Sc.
A genuine love for plants and their preservation is important to be in this field. A person need to be a nature lover and ready to work long hours outdoors in the sun to be a successful horticulturist. He/she should have good observation skills to detect signs of disease in plants and must have a strong analytical mind.
A Horticulturist can start with an initial salary of Rs20,000- 25,000. With some experience one can get a hefty pay package especially in the private sector. The scope and remuneration of a horticulturist is much greater outside India especially in the European countries.
A horticulture professional can work as Horticulture Officer or Supervisor in companies, farm houses, hotels, construction companies, chemical or fertilizer manufacturing companies, etc. Here is a list of few companies offering Horticulture jobs:
1. Omaxe Limited
2. Nagarjuna Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited.
3. Datamation Group
4. MPS Group of Companies
5. Asia Pacific Institute of Management
6. Taj Palace group of Hotels
7. Pearls Group